林芝翻譯公司關鍵字：Abstract: Some scholars Ming-Qing Jiangnan economy compared with the UK economy, trying to find modern China lagged far behind Western Europe reasons. However, scholars of the Ming-Qing Jiangnan economy what "is" no consensus. Huang that the southern economy in the population under the pressure of a "involution"; Li Bozhong that the southern-based economic growth but there was there Smith Kuznets-type growth; Pomeranz is simply that by 1800 the UK economy than the southern economy is not bad Britain had been born just as the British industrial revolution from coal and industrial area close to the New World immigration to ease the population pressure. North American economist, stated: social structures and economic and political systems, are in a particular economic environment and its changes in the objective on the basis of the result of rational choice. Western Climate complex, product differences, there are over navigable waterways for the development of commodity markets, market development has led to the rise of the economy and society. This paper argues that the reason behind Western Europe in modern China, is two very different geographical conditions. Part of Chinese civilization led to the same east-west climate is basically the same product no exchange is necessary, no navigable rivers leading north-south differences in the product can not be achieved with the exchange, Chinese farmers have the product shipped to regional differences in the exchange, the direct production than required for adjustment of product structure products but also more costly price of basic products market can not develop spontaneously. Lack of market profit stimulate farmers only self-sufficient, leading to long-term stagnation in the traditional social status. Despite the division of the Ming and Qing Jiangnan collaboration of handicraft production, but little potential for profit as the market, not to stimulate technological innovation, it can not spontaneously develop a capitalist society. Most scholars do not find out the basic principles of social and economic development, so its economic history of the Ming and Qing Jiangnan arguments are to no avail.
Keywords: Smith-type growth in the volume of commodity markets historical and geographical conditions contrast to no avail(The following is the text)Earlier, I criticized the article from Mr. Wang Jiafan "" |